Aortic stenosis (AS), or the narrowing of the aortic heart valve, is the most common type of heart valve disease in the elderly. In fact, studies have determined that more than one in eight people aged 75 and older have AS1 ,yet symptoms of AS are often mistaken for normal signs of aging. AS makes the heart work harder, and can cause fatigue, shortness of breath, chest pain, rapid fluttering heartbeat and may eventually lead to heart failure.
Considering its prevalence, what are the intervention options available for AS? Are there less invasive techniques to replace or repair heart valves? Is it possible to avoid open-heart surgery? What are some of the newer, safer surgeries?